Foot and Ankle Orthopaedic Surgeons have the training and expertise to treat a wide variety of foot and ankle conditions, including sports-related and traumatic injuries. Browse the topics below and consult with a foot and ankle orthopaedic surgeon in your area to discuss your treatment options.

A complete gap between the upper and lower portions of the Achilles tendon

Tearing of the ligaments of the ankle, typically on the lateral (outside) part of the ankle

A partial or complete break in the ankle bone that can range from less serious injuries to severe, shattering-type breaks
A break of the forefoot (metatarsals) or toe (phalanges). Most of the time, these injuries heal without surgery.

A break of the heel bone often caused by a fall from a height or car accident

Tearing and damage to the high ankle ligaments; much less common than a traditional ankle sprain

A break at the base of the fifth metatarsal (bone on the outer side of the foot)

Injury involving the joints and/or the ligaments of the middle of the foot that can be mistaken for a foot sprain

An injury that occurs at the lower end of the tibia (leg bone) and involves the weightbearing surface of the ankle joint

A small crack in a bone that most often results from overuse and an increase in activity


The American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) offers information on this site as an educational service. The content of FootCareMD, including text, images, and graphics, is for informational purposes only. The content is not intended to substitute for professional medical advice, diagnoses or treatments. If you need medical advice, use the "Find a Surgeon" search to locate a foot and ankle orthopaedic surgeon in your area.